Geology? It's all about stones...

What forces create mountains? Why do volcanoes erupt? What was it like during the ice age and will there be a new one? How were ores formed? Is there water here and why? Will oil be found if a borehole is drilled here? All this and much more is investigated by the science of geology.

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Geology of Hesse

The oldest rocks of Hesse originate from the Orduvizium (approx. 488 million years ago) and the Silurian. The sedimentary rocks that were deposited as part of a sea during the Devonian and Carboniferous periods are particularly exciting.

An overview of the geological development of Hesse can be found here.

Take a journey through the last 540 million years of the earth's history here.

Slate - Stone of the Year 2019

Slate has been a popular material since ancient times, and entire mountain ranges have been named after it.

The slate board and slate stylus, with which generations of schoolchildren tried out letters and numbers until the last century, are now only known from museums.

As a noble and durable roof covering, however, the stone will not be so easily displaced.

Also the Loreley rock nearSt. Goarshausen...

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Malachite - Mineral of the year 2019

Malachite, which belongs to the class of carbonates, got its name from its properties.

Malachite comes from Greek and refers to the green colour of the mallow leaves; malakos means soft in translation. It gets its colour from the high copper content, which is left behind by the weathering of copper-containing rocks.

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Literature

  • Francis P. & Oppenheimer, C. (2004). Volcanoes. Oxford University Press. New York.
  • Reischmann, T. & Schraft, A. (2009). Der Vogelsberg: Geotope im größten Vulkangebiet Mitteleuropas. Hessisches Landesamt für Naturschutz, Umwelt und Geologie. Wiesbaden.
  • Tarbuck, E. J. & Lutgens, F. K. (2005). Earth. An Introduction to Physical Geology. 8. Ed. Pearson Prentice Hall. New Jersey.